Estimating the magnitude of the relation between bullying, e-bullying, and suicidal behaviors among United States youth, 2015

Auteurs

Kevin S Kuehn, Annelise Wagner, Jennifer Velloza.

Résumé

textbfBackground: Suicide is the second leading cause of death among US adolescents aged 12–19 years. Researchers would benefit from a better understanding of the direct effects of bullying and e-bullying on adolescent suicide to inform intervention work. textbfAims: To explore the direct and indirect effects of bullying and e-bullying on adolescent suicide attempts (SAs) and to estimate the magnitude of these effects controlling for significant covariates. textbfMethod: This study uses data from the 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance Survey (YRBS), a nationally representative sample of US high school youth. We quantified the association between bullying and the likelihood of SA, after adjusting for covariates (i.e., sexual orientation, obesity, sleep, etc.) identified with the PC algorithm. textbfResults: Bullying and e-bullying were significantly associated with SA in logistic regression analyses. Bullying had an estimated average causal effect (ACE) of 2.46%, while e-bullying had an ACE of 4.16%. textbfLimitations: Data are cross-sectional and temporal precedence is not known. textbfConclusion: These findings highlight the strong association between bullying, e-bullying, and SA. ÉTATS-UNIS ADOLESCENT TENTATIVE BULLYING


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