Wolfram syndrome and suicide: Evidence for a role of WFS1 in suicidal and impulsive behavior

Auteurs

A Sequeira, C Kim, M Séguin, A Lesage, N Chawky, A Desautels, Michel Tousignant, C Vanier, O Lipp, C Benkelfat, G Rouleau, G Turecki.

Résumé

There is evidence suggesting that subjects affected with the Wolfram syndrome (WFS) and normal carriers present an increased risk of psychiatric disorders, particularly depression and suicidal behavior. We investigated a possible role of the gene involved in WFS (WFS1) in the neurobiology of suicide and the potential modulatory effect on traits associated to suicidal behavior. Genetic variation at WFS1 (H611R, R456H, and I333V) was investigated in 111 suicide victims and 129 normal controls. Possible effects on psychopathology and behavioral traits were investigated in a subsample of suicide cases (N = 31) for whom phenotyping was carried out by means of structured psychiatric interviews and questionnaires adapted for psychological autopsies. We found a significantly higher frequency of the 611R/611R genotype in suicide completers as compared to controls. Suicide completers with this genotype had higher scores on measures of impulsivity; novelty seeking (NS); and conversely, lower scores of persistence. Scores of impulsivity and NS remained higher in subjects with the associated genotype after adjusting for age, gender, and psychopathology. These results suggest a role for WFS1 in the pathophysiology of impulsive suicide, and are consistent with previous clinical reports suggesting an increased risk of suicidal behavior in WFS homozygotes and heterozygotes. However, these findings are preliminary and should be confirmed in independent samples. NEUROLOGIE BIOLOGIE PSYCHOPATHOLOGIE SUICIDE-COMPLÉTÉ ÉTUDE-COMPARATIVE NON-SUICIDAIRE GROUPE-CONTRÔLE GÉNÉTIQUE DÉPRESSION IMPULSIVITÉ PRÉDICTION MALADIE-CHRONIQUE QUÉBEC CANADA AGRESSIVITÉ


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