Coping mechanisms, stressful events and suicidal behavior among youth admitted to juvenile justice and child welfare services


François Chagnon.


This study examines the relationship between coping mechanisms and suicide attempts among 84 adolescents in the Quebec youth residential services. A new measure based on in-depth interviews is used to identify coping mechanisms. The suicidal youths used fewer adequate coping mechanisms than nonsuicidal youths when faced with comparable stressful events. Negative cognitive reframing, anger, and blaming others were more frequently reported by the suicidal youths. Contrary to certain theoretical conceptions, coping mechanisms were not stable and varied according to the context of the suicidal crisis. These findings indicate the usefulness of this approach to measure coping mechanisms and support the importance of programs aimed at developing coping skills for suicide prevention. QUÉBEC CANADA GENRE HOMME FEMME ADOLESCENT IDÉATION INTENTION TENTATIVE CENTRE-JEUNESSE ÉTUDE-COMPARATIVE NON-SUICIDAIRE COPING ÉVÉNEMENT-VIE FACTEUR-RISQUE RELATION-AMOUREUSE SÉPARATION-AMOUREUSE ACCIDENT MALADIE-PHYSIQUE RELATION-INTERPERSONNELLE PROBLÈME-SCOLAIRE AGRESSIVITÉ BLÂME ÉVITEMENT RÉSOLUTION-PROBLÈME DÉLINQUANCE-JUVÉNILE COTE-Y

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