Self-stigma and suicidality: a longitudinal study


N Oexle, N Rusch, S Viering, C Wyss, E Seifritz, Z Xu, W Kawohl.


Mental illness stigma is a source of distress for persons with mental illness. Self-stigma occurs when negative stereotypes are internalized, leading to low self-esteem, shame and hopelessness. Due to its consequences self-stigma may contribute to suicidality and be a modifiable target for suicide prevention. Based on 222 disability pensioners with mental illness we examined whether self-stigma at baseline is associated with suicidal ideation over a 2-year period, controlling for baseline suicidal ideation, symptoms, age and gender. More self-stigma predicted suicidal ideation at baseline and longitudinally. Interventions on different levels to reduce self-stigma could improve suicide prevention. SANTÉ-MENTALE STIGMATISATION PERCEPTION-SOI ESTIME-SOI HONTE DÉSESPOIR

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