UQAM - Université du Québec à Montréal Faculté des sciences humaines
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Publication du membre du CRISE

Labelle, R., Breton, J.-J., Berthiaume, C., Royer, C., Raymond, S., Cournoyer, M., Balan, B., Zaloum, T., Bibaud, A., Gauvin, G., & Janelle, A. (2015). Psychometric properties of three measures of protective factors for depression and suicidal behaviour among adolescents. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry = Revue canadienne de psychiatrie, 60(2 Suppl 1), S16-S26.

To assess the reliability of French versions of the Adolescent Coping Scale (ACS), the Reasons for Living Inventory for Adolescents (RFL-A), and the Spirituality Scale (SS); to examine the construct validity of these psychometric instruments; and to determine their convergent validity with French versions of the Life Events Questionnaire for Adolescents (LEQ-A), the Beck Depression Inventory-Second Edition (BDI-II), and the Beck Flopelessness Scale (BHS) among French-Canadian adolescents. Methods: Participants were 429 adolescents from high schools (n = 283) and the Mood Disorder Clinic (n = 146) in Montreal. The instruments were translated into French following the back-translation method. The internal consistency was assessed through Cronbach alpha coefficients. Exploratory analyses were conducted to document the content of their dimensions. Convergent validity was examined by correlating the ACS, the RFL-A, and the SS with the French versions of the LEQ-A, the BDI-II, and the BHS. Results: The findings confirm that the ACS, RFL-A, and SS are psychometric instruments well suited to assess protective factors for depression and suicidal behaviour among French-speaking adolescents in community and clinical settings. However, results must be interpreted with some circumspection as 2 SS subscales obtained reliability coefficients in the moderate range only and the instructions for the RFL-A were reframed in response to ethical considerations. Conclusions: Our results add to those already available on the original English versions of the ACS, RFL-A, and SS and advance the knowledge of the psychometric properties of protective measures.

(Résumé disponible en anglais seulement)


Mise à jour : 4/9/2015

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